The Law Society of Northern Ireland as the governing body of the solicitors' profession in Northern Ireland has in exercise of its statutory powers, prescribed the legal education and training necessary to qualify as a solicitor in Northern Ireland.
There are several routes into the profession which are detailed below.
There are two organisations in Northern Ireland which offer the vocational training to become a solicitor: the Institute of Professional Legal Studies, part of Queen's University Belfast and the Graduate School of Professional Legal Education part of the University of Ulster based on its Magee campus. There is a single application procedure to apply for both courses. Further details are given below.
Solicitors Admission and Training Regulations 1988 as amended Regulation 8(1).
An applicant using this route must, before being accepted as a student of the Society establish to the Society's satisfaction: -
(a) that he/she possesses an acceptable law degree and
(b) that he/she has been offered a place in the Institute of Professional Legal Studies or the Graduate School of Professional Legal Education
(c) have obtained a Master (a solicitor with whom the applicant proposes to serve his/her apprenticeship).
Please note that the applicant's law degree must contain eight core subjects (see 2 below). Those applicants who have not been examined in the Law of Evidence should advise the Society and the Institute or Graduate School at the time of the relevant application so that arrangements can be made for them to sit the appropriate examination.
A list of recognised law degrees for both courses can be found on the Institute's website.
All applicants to the Institute or Graduate School must sit an entrance examination in the December prior to the year they wish to take up a place at the Institute. All prospective applicants who wish to sit the entrance examination must apply to sit the exam. There is a single, combined application procedure for both the Institute and Graduate School. Details of the application procedure can be found on the website of the Graduate School. An online application form and guidance notes can be found at: http://www.ulster.ac.uk/gsple/application-process-2/
It should be noted that applications must be submitted and received by the Graduate School (for both it and the Institute) by 15th November.
Regulation 8(2) of the Solicitors Admission and Training Regulations 1988 as amended
An applicant using this route must
(a) satisfy the Society that he/she possesses an acceptable degree in a discipline other than law and has attained a satisfactory level of knowledge of the following subjects:
Please note that students who commenced their degree course prior to September 1996 should have Company Law as a core subject. Company Law has now been replaced by European Law (see above).
(b) that he/she has been offered a place in the Institute.
(c) have obtained a Master (a solicitor with whom the applicant proposes to serve his/her apprenticeship).
For applicants using the above route the Masters of Legal Science awarded by Queen's University, Belfast will be accepted as sufficient evidence of the satisfactory level of knowledge of the relevant subjects. All enquiries regarding this course should be directed to the School of Law, Queen's University, Belfast.
Regulation 8(3) and 8(5) of the Solicitors Admission and Training Regulations 1988 as amended
An applicant may apply to be accepted as a student of the Law Society if:
(a) The applicant has attained the age of 29 years* and has served as a bona fide clerk or employee of a solicitor for a continuous period of 7 years* and has achieved a satisfactory standard of general education and attained an acceptable level of knowledge and experience of the work of a solicitor.
Applicants using this route should note that the standard of general education required is matriculation standard i.e., the general standard required for admission to Queen's University Belfast or the equivalent thereof.
(b) The applicant can satisfy the Society that having attained the age of 30 years* he/she has acquired such special qualifications and/or experience as to render him/her suitable to be accepted as a registered
Please note: The requirements that an applicant must have completed seven years' service and attained the age of 29 years are not applied at present. An applicant under 8(5) is not presently required to have attained the age of 30 years.
Please note: there is a closing date for applications under the alternative routes.
CLOSING DATE for 2015
Applications under Regulation 8(3) or 8(5) of the Solicitors Admission and Training Regulations 1988
The closing date in 2015 for applications under Regulations 8(3) and 8(5) will be Thursday 30 April 2015.
· Any person who wishes to apply under Regulations 8(3) or 8(5) with a view to admission to the Solicitors’ Vocational Training Course at the Institute/Graduate School commencing in January 2016 (apprenticeship starting September 2015) will have to lodge an application with the Society by 5.00pm on Thursday 30 April 2015.
· This is the last year that applications will be accepted under Regulation 8(3). This route will be discontinued and will no longer be available after 30 April 2015.
· Any applications under Regulation 8(5) received after 30 April 2015 up until 25 April 2016 will be considered for the next vocational training course for solicitors, which would be due to start in January 2017 (apprenticeship starting September 2016).
NOTICE OF DISCONTINUANCE.
Applications under Regulation 8(3)
· Following the recommendations of the Education Review carried out by the Society, the alternative route to train and qualify as a solicitor under Regulation 8(3) of the Solicitors Admissions and Training Regulations 1988 will be discontinued in April 2015. Applications will not be accepted after 30 April 2015. This route will not be available after that date.
· The alternative route to training under Regulation 8(5) is not affected by this.
The underlying principle of the professional education of a solicitor is that if involves a combination of practical in-office training and formal academic instruction. The period of apprenticeship as it is known will commence on the first Monday in September each year for applicants using routes 1 and 2 the period of apprenticeship will be 2 years. For applicants choosing route 3(a) it will generally be 4 years and for route 3(b) it will be whatever period the Society determines.
The 2 year apprenticeship runs as follows:
(a). September to December - spent in-office,
(b). January to December - spent at the Institute of Professional Legal Studies or the Graduate School of Professional Legal Education,
(c). January to August - spent in-office.
In order that a student can take up their place at the Institute of Professional Legal Studies or the Graduate School of Professional Legal Education he/she must register with the Law Society by 5.00 p.m., on the Monday two weeks before the first Monday in September (i.e., the date of commencement of apprenticeship). He/she must have a Master (a solicitor with whom the applicant proposes to serve his/her apprenticeship). Registration involves the completion and lodging of a set of forms provided by the Society. Finding a Master is the responsibility of the applicant.
It should be noted that applicants do not need to wait until they have been offered a place at the Institute or Graduate School before registering with the Society and are advised, on securing a Master, to register conditionally. If they do so they will be in a position to take up a place even if it is offered late. If they do not receive an offer the conditional registration will lapse.
The Society would advise that arrangements to enter an apprenticeship should be made at as early a date as possible and would emphasise that anyone who fails to lodge the Apprenticeship Contract by the due date will not be considered for registration as a student of the Society.
Please note that applicants must satisfy the Society's Education Committee as to their suitability to be accepted as students of the Society and produce for that purpose such evidence as to character and fitness as the Committee may require. No applicant will be registered if he/she is an undischarged bankrupt or if he/she has been convicted of a criminal offence of such a nature as to make his/her registration undesirable or if for any other reason he/she fails to satisfy the Committee as to his/her fitness to be a solicitor.
It should be noted that the applicant's proposed Master must also be acceptable to the Society. The acceptability of masters is governed by separate regulations. The principal requirements of these regulations is that the proposed master must have been admitted for at least 7 years and must have been a principal for at least 3 years. Further details as to the requirements of these regulations can be obtained from the Society. [Solicitors Admission and Training (Qualification of Masters) Regulations 1988 and (Solicitors Admission and Training (Qualification of Masters) (Amendment) Regulations 1992]
Both Master and Apprentice must co-operate with the Society should the Society require an assessment to be made of the quality of training during apprenticeship.
Permission from the Society should be obtained with regard to any proposed transfer of Apprenticeship.
Once a student has passed all the relevant examinations and satisfied the Society that he/she has received a proper training he/she can make application to be enrolled as a solicitor of the Court of Judicature in Northern Ireland. Once enrolled he/she may apply for a Practising Certificate.
Newly qualified solicitors are restricted from practising otherwise than as employees for a 3 year period. This can be reduced to 2 years by attendance at the Society's Continuing Professional Development programme which is a programme of lectures, seminars and workshops. A newly qualified solicitor must accumulate 45 hours CPD over 2 years before the period can be reduced. Further details on CPD can be found in the CPD section of the website.
These notes are intended to be a guide only. It is the personal responsibility of each intending student to acquaint himself/herself with the relevant provisions of the Society's Regulations and requirements.
Further information and assistance can be obtained, where necessary, by writing to:
Any queries regarding the Institute of Professional Legal Studies should be directed to:
Any queries regarding the Graduate School of Professional Legal Education should be directed to:
Mr Chris Coyle
Interim Acting Director of the Graduate School of Professional Legal Education
Graduate School of Professional Legal Education
University of Ulster